Guide for Women Menstrual Periods
Menstrual Periods, medically known as menstruation, is the bodily process that marks the start of womanhood. It also stays with her for a larger a part of her life.Understanding what occurs during times will enable you cope with it better and keep on course.
The female reproductive system consists of two ovaries placed on both aspect of the Uterus along with the fallopian tubes. Every of the two ovaries stores hundreds of follicles. Every ovarian follicle incorporates a hole ball of Cells with an immature egg in the center.
Menstrual Periods cycle
- During a menstrual cycle, the ovaries produce hormones called Estrogen and Progesterone.
- Day 1 of the cycle marks the first day of a Menstrual Periods.
- Roughly on the 5th day, Estrogen secretions prepare the Uterus for pregnancy.
- Around the 14th day, one of the ovaries releases an egg. This process is known as Ovulation.
- When Ovulation occurs, Progesterone levels rise.
- Progesterone levels drop if the egg released by the ovaries is not fertilized by the Sperm in the Fallopian Tube.
- When Progesterone levels go down, the Uterus sheds its lining around the 28th day of the Menstrual cycle. This shedding is called menstruation and it marks the beginning of a fresh cycle.
Prior to ovulation, the Hormone Estrogen stimulates the Uterus to build up its lining (endometrium) with extra blood and tissue, making the walls of the Uterus thick and cushioned. This is done in order to receive the egg and prepare the Uterus for pregnancy.
- A woman’s first period is known as menarche and normally occurs at the ages of 10–17. 3, p. 381 A From menarche, a woman gets her period roughly each month until she reaches menopause, which generally occurs in the late 40s or early 50s.
- Bleeding during periods lasts for 3–7 days, averaging to 5 days. Blood loss during a cycle usually ranges from 10–80 mL. Menstrual blood, unlike blood resulting from an injury, usually does not clot unless the bleeding is very heavy.
Menstrual Periods problems
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
- Painful periods (Dysmenorrhea)
- Absence of periods (Amenorrhea)
- Heavy periods (Menorrhagia)
- Unusual vaginal bleeding.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) : Premenstrual syndrome refers to a set of symptoms that some women experience before each period.Physical reactions like bloating, headaches, tiredness and food cravings.Psychological reactions like irritability, anger, depression and lowered self-esteem.
Painful periods (Dysmenorrhea) : Dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual condition characterized by extreme menstrual cramps and ache associated with period. Symptoms could embody cramping in the decrease stomach, pain within the decrease stomach, low back pain, ache radiating down the legs, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, weak spot, fainting complications, etc.
Absence of durations (Amenorrhea) : The condition, the place a girl has no durations is thought in medical terms asamenorrhea. Girls who’ve by no means had a interval are stated to be affected with primary am enorrhea, though this condition is kind of rare. Primary amenorrhea is normally due to a genetic or physical abnormality.
Typically, durations out of the blue stops in girls who had previously been menstruating regularly. This condition is referred as secondary amenorrhea. The most typical motive to overlook a interval, once the Menstrual cycle has change into common, is pregnancy. Other causes of missed durations might include:
- stopping the use of birth control pills,
- extreme weight loss,
- excessive exercise (e.g., ballet dancing, distance running, gymnastics),
- stress and
- hormonal imbalances.
When periods do not stop completely, but have long gaps between them,it is called oligomenorrhea. Women who have no periods for more than 6months or who have only 3 or 4 periods in a year need to seek advice.
Heavy periods (Menorrhagia) : Heavy Menstrual Periods are medically known as referred to as menorrhagia. This condition can be caused by hormonal imbalance, Endometriosis and uterine growths. Severe or heavy bleeding will make a woman Anemic for which medical assistance may be necessary.
Unusual vaginal bleeding : Unusual vaginal bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse or after Menopause are all signs of serious problems and requires medical attention.
Preventing problems associated with periods
Periods can cause a lot of discomfort for many women. In many cases, pain-relieving medications can help reduce symptoms such as cramps. However, medications must be taken in consultation with the doctor. Hot baths or use of heating pads or hot water bottles can also ease cramps.
- dietary changes,
- nutritional supplements and
- regular exercise.
Nutrition and Periods problems : Studies have proven many nutrients are intently linked with periods. Women with premenstrual syndrome often have low levels of calcium, chromium, copper and magnesium. Supplementation of vitamins like calcium, magnesium, zinc, vitamin B6, vitamin D and vitamin E have been shown to reduce signs related to premenstrual syndrome.
Sex in periods : In wholesome couples, there isn’t any must avoid intercourse throughout period. Nonetheless, it’s obliged to be borne in mind that the chance of transmitting a blood borne infection, like Hepatitis C and AIDS is larger when having unprotected intercourse at this time. Therefore, those at risk should not have sex during a period or ever have intercourse with out a condom.
Return of intervals after childbirth : Whether or not breastfeeding or not will determine how long a girl will take to return to menstruation. The Hormone that stimulates milk manufacturing, prolactin, also slows downs Ovulation and the return of menstruation. Due to this fact, ladies who’re totally breastfeeding could not have durations for months or till breastfeeding ends.
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